Understanding Technology is a variety of needs and facilities in the form of various kinds of equipment or systems that function to provide comfort and convenience for humans.

Technology comes from the word technology (Greek) techno means 'expertise' and logia means 'knowledge'. At first, the meaning of technology was limited to tangible objects such as tools or machines.

Over time the meaning of technology has expanded. it is not limited to tangible objects, but also intangible objects. such as software, learning methods, business methods, agriculture, and so on.

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Understanding of Technology According to Experts
Technology is the development and application of various equipment or systems to solve problems faced by humans in life daily. (M Marino).

Technology is a whole method that rationally leads and has the characteristic of efficiency in every human activity (Jacques Ellul).

Technology is the application of behavioral and natural sciences and other knowledge in a systemic and systemic way to solve problems (Gary J. Anglin).

Technology is defined as an entity of objects or objects that are intentionally created in an integrated manner through a process of action, thought to achieve a value. (NN)

Technology is a tool, machine, method, process, activity, or idea created to facilitate human activities in daily life.

Humans use technology in the fields of communication, learning, transportation, business, manufacturing, data security, and so on. With a broad definition of technology, everyone has their own way of understanding its meaning.

What is clear, technology is not limited to smartphones, laptops, computers, planes, trains. Simple equipment such as hammers, spoons, chairs, bottles is also part of technology.

Brief History of Technology Development

technological understanding Technological development is a systematic change that occurs in technology. Over the past thousands of years technology has been known by humans, it's just that its forms are not as sophisticated as what we find today.


In prehistoric times, the technology used was made of stone, bronze, and iron. Technologies known in prehistoric times include swords, hand-held axes, and bronze vessels.

Ancient Technology

At this time technology has evolved towards construction, maritime, agriculture, and stationery. Humans already know how to build a building construction to the complicated stage. For example the Pyramid, Ship, Lighthouse, and Sundial.

Medieval Technology Until the Modern Era

At this time the technology used has begun to progress, it is marked by the presence of various inventions, such as in the fields of astronomy, medicine, mathematics, military to cartography. For example crossbows, printing presses, algebra, and ship navigation.

The technology of the Industrial Revolution era

Technological developments are starting to be seen more clearly at this time. Various types of machines were successfully made which later replaced human power into engine power. This period is the forerunner of technological developments in the present. For example early generation cars, telegraphs, telephones, weaving machines, steam engines, and bicycles.

Technology in the 20th Century

At this time. Neil Armstrong successfully landed on the moon. Technology in other fields is also developing rapidly. In the military field, the atomic bomb was successfully created. The transistor that became the forerunner to the size of a small computer as it is now also found. At the end of this century, the Internet was introduced to the public and commercial.
Examples of other 20th Century technologies: Refrigerators, Vaccination technology, vacuum, microwave.

Development of 21st Century Technology

At this time, various technologies have begun to be developed. Starting from the technology needed for households, education, social, information technology, and other things.

Types of Technology

The development can be seen from various technological innovations that exist today.

Technology in the Economy

  1. Technological advancements in the economic sector are in the form of developments in the financial system used. If in the past people traded in real or real terms or faced buyers and sellers, now they are turning online. In addition, the financial system also turned into e-money.
  2. Food Technology The existing agricultural system is certainly different from the agricultural system in ancient times, starting from the lips, the planting system, and the planting technique.
  3. Information Technology. The progress of this information is marked by the ease with which people obtain or obtain information through the Internet with various existing technological devices.

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